Stroke symptoms in men is also known as cerebrovascular accident. Stroke occurs due to insufficient blood supply to the brain. Brain tissue needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients otherwise deprivation of oxygen to the brain may cause permanent damage to the brain. Brain cells die within minutes due to Interrupted blood supply. Interrupted blood supply to the brain may be caused by hemorrhage (blood vessel burst) or ischemia (reduced supply due to clot). Stroke is a medical emergency which needs prompt treatment. Ischemia results due to the blockage of artery by thrombus or embolus. The patient usually complains of paralysis of limbs, vision disturbance, speech problems, drooping of the eye, memory problems and numbness or weakness of the affected side of the body. These signs are usually unilateral depends on which brain hemisphere is affected. Early treatment can minimize the brain cell damage.
It is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. According to the CDC, 800,000 cases are reported each year.
Types and Causes Of Stroke:
1) Hemorrhagic stroke: It happens when a defective artery ruptures and fill the brain parenchyma or subarachnoid space with blood.
2) Ischemic stroke: This is caused by the occlusion of arteries supplying blood to the brain. The occlusion can be caused by thrombus or emboli. Thrombus is a clot which is formed in the vessel and cause narrowing of the vessel. If a clot breaks off from another area and block the vessel then this is termed as emboli.
Risk Factors of Stroke symptoms in men:
1) Old age.
3) Diabetes Mellitus.
4) Previous history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)
5) Hypercholestrolemia (high cholesterol level).
7) Drug abuse.
8) Arrhythmia. (Abnormal heart rhythm)
9) Family history of stroke
11) Homocysteinemia ( High level of homocystiene)
12) Physical inactivity
13) Heavy drinking
14) Obstructive sleep apnea.
15) Heart conditions like heart failure or heart defects.
16) Men are at increased risk than women
Symptoms of Stroke in Men:
According to a survey published in American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Men are usully not good at identifying the early signs of stroke.
The symptoms depend upon the area affected.
1) Severe headache which starts suddenly and often wakes you from the sleep. It gets worse when you change the position of the body.
2) Semi conscious or unconsciousness
3) Hearing impairment
4) Changes in taste.
5) Dementia (loss of memory)
6) Drooping of eyelid.
7) Dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing)
8) Difficulty in writing and reading.
9) Reduction in sensory sensation.
12) Inability to control bladder.
13) Weakness of affected side of face, arm or leg.
14) Lack of coordination and balance.
16) Personality changes.
17) Vision problems.
18) Trouble with walking
19) Trouble with speaking and understanding.
Diagnosis of Stroke:
1) CT and MRI to look for the hemorrhage or infarction.
2) Doppler ultrasound
4) Physical examination.
5) Cerebral angiogram.
6) ECG to check for heart rhythm problems.
7) Swallow test because one third of the patients experience dysphagia.
Prevention of Stroke :
1) Healthy diet
2) Restrict salt intake if you have hypertension.
3) Good control over diabetes
4) Regular exercise.
5) Reduce some weight.
6) Quit smoking
7) Limit alcohol consumption.
8) Good control over cholesterol level,
9) Control blood pressure.
10) Eat fruits and vegetables.
11) Avoid illicit drugs such as cocaine
Treatment of Stroke:
Treatment should be started as soon as possible.
1) Aspirin is the first line of drug for ischemic stroke, but may prove fatal for hemorrhagic stroke, so it is better to give aspirin after complete evaluation of the patient.
2) Thrombolytic therapy is given to dissolve clot in ischemic stroke after CT scan.
3) Diagnose the cause of hemorrhagic stroke, then treat. For example, if hypertension is the cause, give antihypertensive drugs to control blood pressure.
4) Surgery is advised for the patients who have aneurysm.